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What is the meaning of a reverse stock split? Benefits and Disadvantages

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In the context of corporate restructuring, the term "reverse stock split" refers to a technique through which a firm reduces the number of shares accessible on the market. 

A reverse stock split boosts the share price of a business's stock while decreases the number of shares accessible in the market, hence it has no effect on the market capitalization of the company.

What is the meaning of a reverse stock split?

In a reverse stock split, the issuing firm exchanges a larger number of shares for a lower number of shares. The price of the remaining shares will rise as a result of the reverse split. This could be due to a variety of factors, including:Previously, 

  • the stock has moved in the penny stock range, which is where many investors avoid trading.
  • An underwriter may recommend a reverse stock split to a company seeking to go public in order to bring the stock price into a range where investors will be willing to acquire it.
  • The price of a company's shares has fallen below the market's minimum bid price, and the company's shares have fallen below that price.
  • Smaller shareholders with less than one share in the corporation can be kicked out.

A Reverse Stock Split is an example of a stock split that has been reversed.

Assume an investor has 100 stock shares, each of which is now trading at INR 10. The market value of these shares is INR 1000. (divided by 100 shares at INR 10 each). The issuing company implements a 10-for-1 reverse stock split. This means the investor gets a new 10-share certificate in exchange for his old 100-share certificate. The market price rises to INR 100 as a result of the lower number of shares, suggesting that the investor's assets are still worth INR 1000. (calculated as 10 shares at INR 100 each).

The Benefits of a Reverse Stock Split

Short selling is done for highly liquid stocks since they are easy to borrow and traders know that if the stock price rises, they will be able to square off the position due to the high liquidity, but if the stock is not liquid, they will think twice before shorting it, reversing the trend.

Reverse stock splits are frequently used by companies whose stock price has fallen too low for them to be comfortable with. If a stock was INR 1 before the reverse stock split and the corporation did a reverse stock split in the ratio of 1 to 5, the new share price after the operation would be INR 5.

A reverse stock split is advantageous when a corporation seeks to minimise its shareholder base since a large scattered number of shareholders might cause delays in decision-making. After all, each project that begins requires shareholder approval because shareholders have the right to vote, and a broad, dispersed basis will result in a divided base, increasing the delay.

Reverse Stock Split Consequences

The most significant disadvantage of a reverse stock split is that it reduces market share liquidity, and because illiquid shares are rarely traded, good stock price discovery may be delayed.

Small owners are left with even fewer shares after reverse stock splits, and they may receive cash if their shares are insufficient, resulting in stock accumulation by big players at the expense of small shareholders.

Reverse stock splits are seen negatively by the markets because they may signal that the company is doing so to enhance its share price, which could result in a lower corporate valuation after the reverse stock split.


The pros and cons of a reverse stock split are self-evident. To get the most out of reverse stock splitting, . It requires detailed research about stocks. While a reverse stock split may be advantageous for certain investors, the situation may be quite different for others.

Good luck with your investments!